The average person probably doesn’t think about how long it would take to get to outer space very often. But for those of us who are interested in space travel, it’s a question that comes up a lot. How long does it take to get to outer space? The answer, of course, depends on a lot of factors.
How Outer Space Is Defined
Outer space is defined as the area beyond Earth’s atmosphere. The boundary between Earth’s atmosphere and outer space is not precisely defined, but the generally accepted limit is 100 kilometers (62 miles) above Earth’s surface. This altitude, known as the K&A ring, is where Earth’s atmosphere becomes too thin to support aircraft. Above this altitude, a spacecraft is considered to be in space.
There is no air in space, which means that there is no atmosphere to protect you from the Sun’s harmful ultraviolet radiation. There is also no air pressure in space, so if you were to take off your spacesuit, your body would expand and explode.
The temperature in space is also very extreme. Near Earth, the temperature can range from -270 degrees Celsius (-454 degrees Fahrenheit) to more than 1,000 degrees Celsius (1,832 degrees Fahrenheit). However, most of space is much colder than that. The average temperature of the universe is only 2.7 degrees Celsius (37 degrees Fahrenheit).
Since there is no air in space, there is also no sound. Sound waves need air to travel, so you would not be able to hear anything if you were in space.
Outer space is a very hostile environment for humans. However, we have been able to adapt and live in space for short periods of time. astronauts have been able to live and work on the International Space Station for more than 15 years. And, in 2013, a Chinese astronaut spent more than a month living in an experimental space station.
Most of us have probably looked up at the stars on a clear night and wondered just how far away they are. If you’ve ever wondered how long it would take to get to outer space, wonder no more!
The Kármán line, also known as the edge of space, is generally accepted to be the boundary between Earth’s atmosphere and outer space. It is named after Hungarian physicist Theodore von Kármán, and is located at an altitude of 100 kilometers (62 miles) above the Earth’s surface.
So how long does it take to get to the Kármán line? If you were to take a commercial airliner, it would take you about 2.5 hours to reach the Kármán line. However, if you were to take a spaceship, it would take you much less time.
For example, the space shuttle Columbia reached the Kármán line in just 8 minutes and 20 seconds after taking off from Earth. So if you’re ever wondering how long it would take to get to outer space, now you know!
It takes about eight minutes to get to low Earth orbit (LEO) from the surface of the Earth. LEO is generally defined as an altitude of about 160 kilometers (100 miles) above the Earth’s surface. For reference, the International Space Station orbits at an altitude of about 400 kilometers (250 miles), and the moon is about 384,400 kilometers (239,000 miles) away from Earth.
It takes more energy to get to higher orbits, such as geostationary orbit (GEO), which is about 36,000 kilometers (22,000 miles) above the Earth’s surface. GEO is the orbit where satellites appear to hover over a single spot on the equator. It takes about three hours to get to GEO from the surface of the Earth.
The farthest humans have ever been from Earth is about 10.9 billion kilometers (6.8 billion miles), which is the distance of the Voyager 1 spacecraft. Voyager 1 was launched in 1977 and is currently the farthest man-made object from Earth. It took about 16.5 hours to get Voyager 1 to its current location.
How Long It Takes to Get to Geostationary Orbit
It takes quite a bit of time and energy to get to geostationary orbit! Geostationary orbit is about 35,786 kilometers above Earth’s surface, and it takes a lot of fuel to get there. The journey to geostationary orbit usually takes about two to three days.
The first stage of the journey is getting to low Earth orbit, which is about 160 kilometers above Earth’s surface. It takes about eight minutes to get to low Earth orbit from the launch pad. The next stage is getting to geostationary transfer orbit, which is about 10,000 kilometers above Earth’s surface. This stage usually takes about two hours.
The final stage is getting to geostationary orbit. This stage takes the most fuel, and it usually takes about one and a half days. Once a spacecraft reaches geostationary orbit, it can stay there indefinitely because it is orbiting at the same speed as Earth’s rotation. Geostationary orbit is a popular destination for communications satellites because they can stay in the same spot above Earth and provide continuous coverage.
It takes a lot of time, energy, and fuel to get to geostationary orbit, but it is worth it for communications satellites!
How Long It Takes to Get to Lunar Orbit
It takes about 2.5 hours to get from the Earth’s surface to lunar orbit. From there, it takes about another 6.5 hours to travel to the Moon’s surface.
How Long It Takes to Get to Mars Orbit
It takes about 8.5 minutes to get to Mars orbit from Earth. The journey takes about 6 to 8 months, depending on the position of Mars in its orbit. If you want to land on Mars, it takes about 3 to 4 minutes.
The time it takes to get to Mars orbit depends on the launch vehicle you’re using. For example, the journey takes less time if you’re using a powerful vehicle like the Space Shuttle. But it takes more time if you’re using a less powerful vehicle like a rocket.
The time it takes to get to Mars orbit also depends on the type of orbit you’re going for. For example, it takes less time to get to a low orbit around Mars than it does to get to a high orbit. But it takes more time to get to a high orbit if you want to stay there for a while.
Finally, the time it takes to get to Mars orbit also depends on how much fuel you have. If you’re carrying a lot of fuel, it takes longer to get to Mars orbit. But if you’re carrying less fuel, it takes less time.
How Long Does It Take to Get to Outer Space?
It depends on where you’re going. If you’re just going to low Earth orbit, it’ll only take you about 8 minutes. But if you’re headed to the asteroid belt, it’ll take you a lot longer – about 3 to 4 years!
That’s because the asteroid belt is located between the orbits of Mars and Jupiter, about 2.5 to 3.5 astronomical units (AU) from the Sun. An AU is the distance from the Sun to Earth, so it’s pretty far out there!
It would take you even longer to get to the outermost reaches of the solar system, which is about 50 AU from the Sun. At that distance, it would take you centuries to get there, even if you were travelling at the speed of light!
So, it all depends on your destination. If you’re just going to low Earth orbit, it won’t take long at all. But if you’re headed to the asteroid belt or beyond, it’ll take quite a while.
Jupiter is the fifth planet from the Sun and the largest in the Solar System. It is a gas giant with a mass one-thousandth that of the Sun, but two-and-a-half times that of all the other planets in the Solar System combined. Jupiter is one of the brightest objects visible to the naked eye in the night sky, and has been known to ancient cultures since before recorded history. It is named after the Roman god Jupiter. When viewed from Earth, Jupiter can be bright enough for its reflected light to cast shadows, and is on average the third-brightest natural object in the night sky after the Moon and Venus.
Jupiter is mainly composed of hydrogen with a quarter of its mass being helium, though helium only comprises about a tenth of the number of molecules. It may also have a rocky core of heavier elements, but like the other giant planets, Jupiter lacks a well-defined solid surface. Because of its immense size, Jupiter’s gravity has a significant effect on the objects orbiting it, particularly the largest moons, the four Galilean moons, which were discovered by Galileo Galilei in 1610. Ganymede, the largest of these, has a diameter greater than that of Mercury, though only one-eighth the mass.
The planet formed from the gravitational collapse of a mass of material that was at least twice the mass of the Sun and perhaps as much as twelve times solar mass. This material had been orbiting the Sun for about 700,000 years before it began to collapse into itself. As the collapse proceeded, ever-increasing pressure and temperature in the interior caused the hydrogen gas to become steadily hotter and more dense.
The increasing temperature and pressure in the interior caused the hydrogen gas to become steadily hotter and more dense. Eventually, the temperature and pressure were high enough to cause nuclear fusion, and the Sun was born. The leftover material that did not get used up in the formation of the Sun became the planets, asteroids, and comets.
It is thought that it took about 50 million years for the Sun and the planets to form. The planets were probably not in their present orbits, but were orbiting much closer to the Sun. Over time, the planets moved to their present orbits as a result of the gravitational interactions with the other planets.
How Long It Takes to Get to Saturn Orbit
It takes about 7.5 hours to get from Earth to Saturn orbit. The journey from Earth to Saturn is about 1.4 billion kilometers. This means that, on average, it takes about 9.6 kilometers per second to get to Saturn orbit from Earth. It would take about 27 days to get to Saturn if you could travel at the speed of light.
The Cassini spacecraft took about 7 years to get to Saturn. It launched on October 15, 1997 and arrived at Saturn on July 1, 2004. The Cassini spacecraft traveled at an average speed of about 10 kilometers per second.
The Voyager 1 spacecraft took about 12 years to get to Saturn. It launched on September 5, 1977 and arrived at Saturn on November 12, 1980. Voyager 1 traveled at an average speed of about 17 kilometers per second.
The Voyager 2 spacecraft took about 11 years to get to Saturn. It launched on August 20, 1977 and arrived at Saturn on July 9, 1979. Voyager 2 traveled at an average speed of about 15 kilometers per second.
How Long It Takes to Get to Uranus Orbit
It takes a spacecraft about 9.5 years to get to Uranus orbit. The planet Uranus is about 2.8 billion kilometers from the Sun. A spacecraft travelling at a speed of about 107,000 kilometers per hour would need about 9.5 years to get to Uranus orbit.
It would take a lot longer to get to Uranus if a spacecraft were travelling at a speed of only 10,000 kilometers per hour. At that speed, it would take a spacecraft about 28 years to get to Uranus orbit.
The speed of a spacecraft is limited by the amount of fuel it can carry. The faster a spacecraft goes, the more fuel it uses.
The fastest spacecraft ever built is the Parker Solar Probe. It was launched in 2018 and is travelling at a speed of about 692,000 kilometers per hour. It will take the Parker Solar Probe about 11 years to get to Uranus orbit.